Semnan University
Mechanics of Advanced Composite Structures
2423-4826
2423-7043
1
1
2014
04
01
Mechanical Properties of Graphene/Epoxy Nanocomposites under Static and Flexural Fatigue Loadings
1
7
EN
Mahmood
Mehrdad
Shokrieh
Composites Research Laboratory, Center of Excellence in Experimental Solid Mechanics and Dynamics, School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, 16846-13114, Iran.
shokrieh@iust.ac.ir
Masood
Esmkhani
Composites Research Laboratory, Center of Excellence in Experimental Solid Mechanics and Dynamics, School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, 16846-13114, Iran.
esmkhani@iust.ac.ir
Amir
Reza
Haghighatkhah
Composites Research Laboratory, Center of Excellence in Experimental Solid Mechanics and Dynamics, School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, 16846-13114, Iran.
ahaqiqatkhah@mecheng.iust.ac.ir
10.22075/macs.2014.274
In the present study, the effect of various weight fractions of graphene nanoplatelet (GPL) on flexural fatigue behavior of epoxy polymer has been investigated at room temperature and generally the temperature was monitored on the surface of specimen during each test. The flexural stiffness of grapheme nano-platelet/epoxy nanocomposites at 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 wt. % as a main effective parameter on flexural bending fatigue was considered. The samples were implemented to different displacement fatigue amplitudes and it led to the known bending strength ratio. Finally, the flexural fatigue responses of graphene nano-platelet/epoxy nanocomposites at mentioned graphene contents were taken into account. The experimental results show that the addition of 0.25 wt. % of graphene nano-platelet on fatigue life was more effective in comparison with 0.1 and 0.5 wt. % epoxy graphene nanocomposites. According to the addition of graphene nano-platelets, a remarkable increase in fatigue life of epoxy was observed. For instance, at the bending strength ratio equal to 43% by adding 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 wt. % of graphene into epoxy resin, 22.4, 27.4 and 17 times improvement in flexural bending fatigue life of the neat epoxy were observed, respectively.
Mechanical properties,boundary layer,Flexural bending fatigue,Displacement control,Graphene nano-platelets,Nanocomposites
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_274.html
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_274_3311cbba13d2b2091b06edbc824fa159.pdf
Semnan University
Mechanics of Advanced Composite Structures
2423-4826
2423-7043
1
1
2014
04
01
Predicting Young’s Modulus of Aggregated Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer
9
16
EN
Roham
Rafiee
Composites Research Laboratory, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, 1439955941 Iran
roham.rafiee@ut.ac.ir
Vahid
Firouzbakht
Composites Research Laboratory, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, 1439955941 Iran
firouzbakht@ut.ac.ir
10.22075/macs.2014.275
Prediction of mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based composite is one of the important issues which should be addressed reasonably. A proper modeling approach is a multi-scale technique starting from nano scale and lasting to macro scale passing in-between scales of micro and meso. The main goal of this research is to develop a multi-scale modeling approach to extract mechanical properties of CNT based nanocomposites emphasizing on meso-scale parameters. Agglomeration and non-straight shapes of CNTs have to be captured in this specific scale. The representative volume element (RVE) for meso-scale is identified considering local concentration of CNTs as the main source of inhomogeneity in the investigated material region. Irregular tessellation technique on the basis of Voronoi method and Bayes algorithm is employed to partition the RVE at meso scale into constitutive polygons containing one single aggregate. A MATLAB code is written to perform this stage on the basis of random pattern. Mechanical properties of the tasseled regions are extracted by a combination of micromechanics rule addressing local position and aggregates in the material region. A bounding technique accounting for non-straight shape of CNT is utilized to consider the any arbitrary shape of wavy CNT. Investigated material region at macro scale is divided into constitutive blocks assigning random volume fractions of CNT to each block implying non-uniformed dispersion of CNT. The results demonstrate the importance of considering the position of local aggregates in modeling procedure. The obtained results of modeling are compared with experimentally measured mechanical properties.
Carbon nanotube,Multi-scale modeling,Irregular tessellation,Stochastic modeling
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_275.html
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_275_7f19f550ecd32822c30d1f775d1a048d.pdf
Semnan University
Mechanics of Advanced Composite Structures
2423-4826
2423-7043
1
1
2014
04
01
Biaxial Buckling and Bending of Smart Nanocomposite Plate Reinforced by CNTs using Extended Mixture Rule Approach
17
26
EN
Mehdi
Mohammadimehr
Department of Solid Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
mmohammadimehr@kashanu.ac.ir
Borhan
Rousta-Navi
Department of Solid Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
borhanrousta@yahoo.com
Ali
Ghorbanpour-Arani
Institute of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, University of Kashan, Kashan,Iran
aghorban@kashanu.ac.ir
10.22075/macs.2014.276
In this research, the buckling and bending behaviour of smart nanocomposite plate reinforced by single- walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) under electro-magneto-mechanical loadings is studied. The extended mixture rule approach is used to determine the elastic properties of nanocomposite plate. Equilibrium equations of smart nanocomposite plate are derived using the Hamilton’s principle based on the classical plate theory (CPT). The nonlocal critical biaxial buckling load and the nonlocal deflection of smart nanocomposite plate are obtained by applying the Eringen’s theory and Navier’s method. In this article, the influences of applied voltage, magnetic field, aspect ratios, nonlocal parameter, and elastic foundation coefficients on the critical buckling load and deflection of smart nanocomposite plate are investigated. The nonlocal critical biaxial buckling load of smart nanocomposite plate increases with the increase in applied voltage and magnetic field intensity. The nonlocal deflection of smart nanocomposite plate decreases with an increase in the magnetic field intensity. Also, the stability of smart nanocomposite plate increases in the presence of elastic foundation.
Biaxial buckling and bending,Smart nanocomposite plate,Electro-magneto-mechanical loadings,The extended mixture rule approach,Classical plate theory
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_276.html
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_276_b5abae97c9bf4162d5a91192e6d55682.pdf
Semnan University
Mechanics of Advanced Composite Structures
2423-4826
2423-7043
1
1
2014
04
01
An Analytical Study on Effects of adding Nanoparticles to Water and Enhancement in Thermal Properties Based on Falkner-Skan Model
27
35
EN
Y.
Rostamiyan
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
y.rostamiyan@yahoo.com
M.
Abbasi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
F.
Aghajani
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
F.
Hedayati
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
S.M.
Hamidi
Department of Electrical and Energy Engineering, University of Vaasa, Vaasa 65200, Finland
10.22075/macs.2014.277
In the age of technology, it is vital to cool down different parts of a device to use it more beneficially. Using nanofluids is one of the most common methods which has shown very effective results. In this paper, we have rephrased a classic equation in fluid mechanics, i.e. the Falkner-Skan boundary layer equation, in order to be used for nanofluid. This nonlinear equation, which was presented by Liao, has been solved by Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM). This method is very capable to solve a wide range of nonlinear equations. The physical interpretation of results which are velocity and temperature profiles are explained in details and they are parallel with experimental outcomes of previous researchers.
Falkner-skan,boundary layer,Nanofluids,HAM
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_277.html
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_277_7960faef55166c0dd9e8e9f3ec2ea7c9.pdf
Semnan University
Mechanics of Advanced Composite Structures
2423-4826
2423-7043
1
1
2014
04
01
Optimization of Hybrid Composite Laminate Based on the Frequency using Imperialist Competitive Algorithm
37
48
EN
Hossein
Hemmatian
Departement of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran
hoseinhemmatian@gmail.com
Abdolhossein
Fereidoon
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, 19111-35131, Iran
afereidoon@semnan.ac.ir
Hadi
Shirdel
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, 19111-35131, Iran
hoseinhemmatian@yahoo.com
10.22075/macs.2014.278
Imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) is a new socio-politically motivated global search strategy. The ICA is applied to hybrid composite laminates to obtain minimum weight and cost. The approach which is chosen for conducting the multi-objective optimization was the weighted sum method (WSM). The hybrid composite Laminates are made of glass/epoxy and carbon/epoxy to combine the lightness and economical attributes of the first with high-stiffness property of the second in order to make trade-off between the cost and weight as the objective functions and natural flexural frequency as a constraint. The results were evaluated for different weighting factors (a) including optimum stacking sequences, and number of plies made of either glass or carbon fibers using the ICA, and were compared with those using the genetic algorithm (GA) and ant colony system (ACS). The comparisons confirmed the advantages of hybridization and revealed that the ICA outperformed the GA and ACS in terms of function’s value and constraint accuracy.
Composite laminate,Hybridization,Stacking sequence,Imperialist competitive algorithm,Frequency
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_278.html
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_278_63be65d1a83cfab4d5d464f2378cda4e.pdf
Semnan University
Mechanics of Advanced Composite Structures
2423-4826
2423-7043
1
1
2014
04
01
Elasticity Solution of Functionally Graded Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composite Cylindrical Panel
49
60
EN
Akbar
Alibeigloo
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 14115-143, Iran
abeigloo@modares.ac.ir
10.22075/macs.2014.279
Based on three-dimensional theory of elasticity, static analysis of functionally graded carbon nanotube reinforced composite (FG-CNTRC) cylindrical panel subjected to mechanical uniformed load with simply supported boundary conditions is carried out. In the process, stress and displacement fields are expanded according to the Fourier series along the axial and circumferential coordinates. From constitutive law, stress-displacement relations and equilibrium equations, state space equation is obtained. The obtained first order governing differential equations can be solved analytically. The effects of CNT distribution cases, the volume fraction of CNT, length to mid radius ratio, span of the cylindrical panel, variation of mechanical load and radius to thickness ratio on the bending behaviour of the cylindrical panel are examined. It should be noted that by using Fourier series solution it is possible only to solve the static behaviour of cylindrical panel with simply supported for all of edges and for the non-simply supported boundary conditions it is possible to solve numerically. The obtained analytical solution can be used to validate the results of approximate two dimensional conventional theories.
Carbon nanotube,Cylindrical panel,boundary layer,Static,Elasticity
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_279.html
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_279_36187dcdc15631bb992187b8858b1e1e.pdf
Semnan University
Mechanics of Advanced Composite Structures
2423-4826
2423-7043
1
1
2014
04
01
Free Vibration Analysis of Composite Plates with Artificial Springs by Trigonometric Ritz Method
61
70
EN
Hossein
Ghadirian
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
dhghadirian@yahoo.com
Mohammad
Reza
Ghazavi
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
dhghadirian1@yahoo.com
Korosh
Khorshidi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, 3815688349, Arak, Iran
k-khorshidi@araku.ac.ir
10.22075/macs.2014.280
In this paper free vibration analysis of two rectangular isotropic plates, which are connected to each other by two translational and rotational springs along the edges, are investigated. The equation of motion and associated boundary and continuity conditions are derived using the extended Hamilton principle. To solve the eigenvalue problem, the Ritz method is utilized. Numerical investigations are presented to show some applications of this method. In this research two types of problems are investigated: first, vibration of a continuous plate and second, free vibration of two hinged plates. This approach is usually referred to as the artificial spring method, which can be regarded as a variant of the classical penalty method. In order to validate the results, the achieved results are compared to results which are presented in literatures.
Vibration analysis,Composite plates,Artificial spring,Trigonometric Ritz method
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_280.html
http://macs.journals.semnan.ac.ir/article_280_aa4762b28ed401e6548a090f10de624e.pdf